Skin Blemish Removal
Acne can have a massive impact on peoples self confidence and their lifestyle, from the way it looks to the general sensitivity and often pain it causes. Some people will find that acne affects them as a teenager then as they grow and their hormones reglate it may settle down, some people don’t develop acne until adulthood and others may unfortantley have it on and off throughout their life. Often people may get control over their acne but find it has left scars, dips and pigmentation marks behind which continue to have a negative effect on their confidence.
What are the top causes of Adult Acne
Today’s busy world takes it’s toll on our skin. The increased pressure to be more productive, doing more and doing it faster, is causing chronic internal and external stress on already-sensitive adult skin. One of the first signs of this stress is when acne begins to appear, this then potentially causes a cycle of stress as we get frustrated with our poor skin health which leads to more frequent and severe breakouts and ultimately long term skin aging.
Recent research has shown that the skin plays an active part in your body’s stress response, our skin directly communicates with our brain and back again. Chronic and continuous stress increases our bodies levels of stress related hormones including corticosterone-releasing hormone (CRH), cortisol and adrenal androgens, which in turn send our sebaceous glands into overdrive leading to excess sebum on our skin. This excess sebum mixes with dead skin cells and bacteria (including P. Acnes) and clogs follicles leading to breakouts. Not only this, but the stress-related hormones also inflame the skin, commonly causing redness and sensitivity or itching. Combine these and you have the perfect recipe for poor skin health.
When our skin is in this stressed state, it also looses some of its ability to protect itself as the barrier becomes compromised. For adults this can commonly lead to further complications such as damaged collagen which long term may cause wrinkles. The stress hormones also lowers your natural production of hyaluronic acid which will dehydrate the skin. Now if you consider the effect of excess sebum alongside the damaged and dehydrated skin you have an imbalanced microbiome, a perfect breeding ground for breakouts.
Many of us wont look too deeply into how our lifestyle is affecting our skin, but the truth is that every little choice we make will affect us in some way. The types of clothing you choose, the food you eat, the products you use – all of these are lifestyle habits that can effect the severity of your breakouts.
Smoking, wearing make-up, incorrect cleansing, taking certain medications* could be things to consider (*do not make any adjustments to your medications without first consulting with a medical professional). Touching your face through the day, often unintentiallally, will bring bacteria to your face. Your phone screen when pressed to your cheek creates a warm surface, perfect for bacteria to breed. Picking, scratching and squeezing spots and breakouts can also spread acne-causing bacteria which will worsen your breakouts. There are often many small things that you can make a conscious effort to be aware of and change to help improve your skin health.
And as I mentioned earlier, incorrect cleaning will also not be doing your skin any favours either. The type of products you use really need to be tailored to your skin. Using excessive acne treatments can actually worsen inflammation, dryness and sensitivity around breakouts, making them appear redder and flakier. Sometimes your skin will need you to target underlying causes of the breakout before dealing with the acne itself. You need to identify your skins needs and what it can tolerate, this is something I can help with through our skin mapping consultation where we will go through your skin type, your skin goals and create a plan of how to get you there. I also highly recommend regular professional facials where we can really target your specific skin concerns with professional strength products (although even a one-off will still have benefits).
Acne tends to run through the family, while there isn’t a specific ‘acne causing’ gene, what we do see is families tend to share similar genetic traits. This can include a tendency for your skin to overproduce skin cells or sebum which will increase the likeliness to develop clogged follicles and leading to breakouts.
Something to also consider, while not hereditary, is your family lifestyle and similarities (see Lifestyle Habits). This could be habits that you pick up from your family such as a tendency to smoke, or it could be through things you share between you such as the type of washing products or the food you eat.
Hormones play a huge part in your skin health, and not just your sex hormones such as oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone. But also stress-related hormones including adrenalin, corticosterone-releasing hormone (CRH), cortisol and adrenal androgens. Our bodies are finely balanced but when a shift of hormones occur this can lead to an imbalance which may lead to breakouts.
Adult and teenage skin are both affected by these hormonal changes. Teenage skin can often seem severe due to puberty and the massive shift their bodies are going through, but often a good and thorough skincare routine will make a significant difference and a key point is educating teenagers from the start about how to manage their skins needs. Often teenagers will grow out of their acne period in their life but some will see it into adulthood. Others won’t develop acne until adulthood and often this needs to be targeted much more specifically.
While acne can affect everyone, adult woman are five times more likely than men to be affected due to fluctuating hormones. Woman tend to experience hormonal fluctuations and acne around the time of menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Also, when present, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a main cause of adult acne in woman. We also know that there is a relationship between testosterone and the sebaceous glands. In men testosterone is secreted by the male sexual organs, and the-hydro testosterone. This stimulates increased sebum production and stickier sebum.
You are limited to the changes you can make to your hormone levels (*please consult a medical professional before considering any changes to medication) although what we can do is target your skins needs, this may be focusing on your skincare routine and considering changes in the products that you use. This is something we can discuss during a Skin Mapping Consultation.
Our skin is constantly in contact with different environmental conditions. Sun exposure, humidity, pollution and the weather can compromise the skin barrier and trigger or worsen issues such as dryness, dehydration, inflammation and hyperpigmentation – all of which can make acne worse.
Using correct products to protect you skin and to treat the trauma that the environment puts it through is key. This will often need to be tailored to each individual and may change depending on many factors like the time of year or what you do. If you spend a lot of time outdoors then you may need to consider a change to your SPF. If you work indoors in an air conditioned building then you may need to consider boosting your skins hydration.
Please click the links below to find out more information on treatments that can help you with aging, mature skin, fine line or wrinkles.
IPL Skin Rejvenation
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